enfermedad cronica neurologica

Expertos advierten que la epilepsia es una enfermedad crónica neurológica frecuente

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Hoy día, muchas personas suelen padecer de algún tipo de trastorno neurológico; bien sea a nivel central, que afecta al cerebro y la médula espinal; o a nivel periférico, que ataca músculos y nervios. Sin embargo, expertos señalan que hay un gran desconocimiento respecto a la frecuencia e importancia de la epilepsia como una enfermedad crónica neurológica que ataca a cualquier edad.

De acuerdo con el neurólogo especialista en epilepsia, Joseph Sirven, “es una enfermedad que la mayoría conoce, pero pocos saben sobre ella. La epilepsia es más común de lo que uno piensa, de hecho 1 de cada 26 estadounidenses corre riesgo de epilepsia”. Según la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), este mal afecta a 50 millones de personas en todo el mundo.

Se estima que entre 200 y 400 mil personas la padecen en Argentina. Si bien se puede presentar a cualquier edad, es más frecuente que se inicie en la infancia, en la adolescencia o en la tercera edad.

Sirven explicó que algunas personas ya nacen con esta enfermedad crónica neurológica, mientras que otras la sufren después de un traumatismo en la cabeza; así como tras experimentar ciertas infecciones, tumores cerebrales, accidentes cerebrovasculares, hemorragias y hasta la enfermedad de Alzheimer.

“Cualquier cerebro tiene la posibilidad de sufrir una convulsión. Todo depende de las circunstancias y de las condiciones que pueden llevar a una convulsión en algunas personas”, señaló.

enfermedad crónica neurológica

Vea también: Alertan sobre el incremento de los casos de demencia a nivel mundial

Prevención y control

La epilepsia es un trastorno del sistema nervioso central (neurológico); debido al cual la actividad cerebral se altera, lo que provoca convulsiones y pérdida de la conciencia. Para reducir el riesgo de padecerla expertos sugieren: evitar el alcohol, dormir suficiente y encontrar maneras de controlar el estrés

El Dr. Sirven comentó que la mayoría de los pacientes con epilepsia, pueden controlar sus convulsiones con medicamentos.

“Sin embargo, hay casos más severos, que tal vez requieran de cirugía. En aquellas personas en que la cirugía no es factible, los médicos pueden colocar un dispositivo similar a un marcapasos cardíaco para controlar las convulsiones”, apuntó.

enfermedad crónica neurológica

Por otra parte, el doctor Nahuel Pereira, médico neurólogo a cargo de la Clínica Integral de Epilepsia de INEBA; precisó que existen medicamentos para tratar la epilepsia en sus distintos grados.

Detalló que basado en el principio activo Eslicarbazepina Acetato, se aprobó en 2017 un tratamiento contra la epilepsia en Argentina; el cual presenta la eficacia de los derivados de las dibenzazepinas pero sin sus efectos adversos. La ventaja principal  del referido tratamiento para esta enfermedad crónica neurológica, es que se toma una sola vez al día.




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